Montreal's Vital Signs 2010
Housing in Greater Montreal is less expensive than elsewhere, but property ownership is more difficult than it used to be, and there is always a shortage of low-rent housing. Housing conditions for seniors who live alone has become a very important issue.
  • pictogramme logementIn 2008, in Greater Montreal, the average cost of a home was equal to 3.79 years of a family’s average income, essentially the same as the previous year (3.80). This ratio, which rose by 64% in ten years, was 8% lower than the Canadian average (4.13) and 13% higher than the Quebec average (3.36). 1
  • In 2009, it is estimated that the purchase of a detached bungalow was likely to require 39% of the average income of a Montreal household. This was greater than in Edmonton (33%) and Calgary (37%), but less than in Ottawa (40%), Toronto (49%) and Vancouver (69%). This figure, which should not exceed 32% of gross annual income, had already reached 36% in Montreal in 2006. 2
Residential Mobility
Change in Place of Residence, 2001 and 2006, CMA
Source : Statistics Canada 3
  • In 2006, the vast majority of seniors on the island lived at home (92%); after 75 years of age, one in two seniors lived at home. And a more significant proportion of seniors lived alone (35.9%) than elsewhere in Quebec (29.5%). Furthermore, Montreal’s female seniors were twice as likely to live alone (45.8%) than their male counterparts (21.5%); and 59.4% of these seniors were over 75 years of age, which is also the case for 47.5% of men in a similar situation. 4
  • Seniors on the island receive home support mainly from the government (53%), but a significant percentage is privately funded (22%) or comes from a volunteer, close friend or family member (20%). 4
  • Undeniably, Montreal is the Canadian capital of living alone. In 2006, even though Greater Montreal had 1.5 million inhabitants less than Toronto, 69,000 more residents lived alone. 5
  • In 2008, one third (33%) of Greater Montreal households had a cat, a percentage that dropped to less than a quarter (24%) in the rest of Quebec. 6
  • In 2008, in Greater Montreal, the rental of a two-bedroom property was equivalent to 11.6% of a family’s average income. This was similar to the Quebec average (12%), but less than the Canadian average (13.1%). And this was the lowest rate recorded (including 2001) in fifteen years. 7
Average Monthly Rent for a 2-bedroom Property
CMA, 2009
Source : Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation 8
  • Between 2002 and 2010, in Greater Montreal, the cost of a rental property increased by 12% and that of a residential property by 25%, while the cost of water, fuel and electricity experienced a growth of 21%. 9
  • At the beginning of 2010, more than 22,250 households were waiting for low-income housing
    (HLM - Habitations ŕ loyer modéré) on the island, and the average wait was four and a half years. 10
  • In 2010, in Greater Montreal, 30,404 people of the average age of 82 spent $1,454 monthly for a standard room in a senior’s residence and close to three-quarters of these seniors lived alone (72.9%). On the whole, 3.5% of these seniors required fulltime care, which boosted their rent to $3,065. 11
MU at the Habitations Jeanne-Mance
© MU at the Habitations Jeanne-Mance

dotA mosaic mural created by residents, part of a Habitations Jeanne-Mance revitalization project, dedicated to beautifying their living environment. The mission of the MU is to educate the population about mural art by creating beautiful works of art in the Montreal area. Since its inception in 2006, the MU has embellished the city with over 20 murals and hopes to create an outdoor art gallery throughout Montreal that will resonate and shine within the community.

1 Canada’s housing observer, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation and Median economic family income, Cansim Table 202-0202, Statistics Canada

2 Housing trends and affordability, RBC economic research, March, 2010
  A profile of economic security in Canada: RBC housing affordability index, Canadian Council on Social Development

3 Population 5 years and over by mobility status, by census metropolitan area (2006 Census), Statistics Canada

4 Vieillir à Montréal. Un portrait des aînés, Direction de santé publique, Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 2008, 23 p.

5 Les personnes seules et le logement: vers un nouveau mode de vie ? Actes des Entretiens sur l’habitat, Société d’habitation du Québec, mars 2008, 126 p.
  Population vivant dans les ménages privés, selon la situation des particuliers dans le ménage, par région métropolitaine de recensement, Recensement de 2006, Montréal et Toronto, Statistique Canada

6 Sondage réalisé par Léger Marketing pour le compte de l’Association de médecine vétérinaire du Québec, en collaboration avec le CDMV inc. et Hill’s Pet nutrition, janvier 2008

7 Rental market, Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation and Median total income by economic family type, Cansim Table 202-0411, Statistics Canada

8 Perspective Grand Montréal #14, Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, juin 2010, 8 p.

9 Indice des prix à la consommation (IPC): indice d'ensemble et logement, données mensuelles, région métropolitaine de recensement (RMR) de Québec et de Montréal (23 avril 2010), Banque de données des statistiques officielles sur le Québec

10 L’habitation en bref 2010, Société d’habitation du Québec

11 Rapport sur les résidences pour personnes âgées – Québec, Société canadienne d’hypothèques et de logement, 2010, 77 p.