Montreal's Vital Signs 2010
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Practicing prevention should be as pleasurable and natural as healthy eating, and participating in recreational activities. Should you be in need of a doctor, be prepared to travel far.
  • From secondary 3, approximately three young people out of four on the island have had a boyfriend or girlfriend (71%) and, for half of girls (51.9%) and of boys (51.1%), the relationships occurred over the course of the last year. A similar proportion of youth in secondary 5 have already had a boyfriend or girlfriend (76%); however, girls (63.7%) differ from boys (44.3%) in that they had relationships over the course of the last year. On the whole, more than one third of these adolescents had their love relationships undermined by one form of violence or another [psychological, physical, sexual], that they endured or had imposed on them. 1
  • Research among young Montreal couples revealed that more than half (56%) contracted the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) when having sexual relations with a new partner. All the more reason to focus on prevention. 2
  • In 2009 in Greater Montreal, 972 births were attributed to mothers 19 years of age or less, which represents 2.2% of the total. Ten years ago, the proportion was higher (3.8%). 3
  • In 2008-2009, premature newborns (weighing less than 2,500 grams) accounted for 5.5% of births in the region, and 5.9% on the island, a slight improvement from five years ago, while the situation deteriorated in Toronto (7%). 4
  • Montreal has increased hospitalization costs for pediatric asthma in five neighbourhoods, all disadvantaged on the socioeconomic scale. 5
  • On the island, from 2000 to 2005, excluding illnesses, tumours and deformities, the main causes of death among youth 5 to 17 years of age were car accidents (14.4%), suicide (6.4%), fires and burns (4%), as well as drowning (3.6%). 6
  • In 2008, there were 111 family doctors for 100,000 residents in Greater Montreal, more than in Toronto (90) and Vancouver (103). Yet, in 2009, 30.4% of the population 12 years of age and older didn’t have a family doctor, a rate that increased to 34.6% on the island, while the situation was clearly less worrisome in Toronto (8.2%) and Vancouver (14%). 7
  • On the island, between 2002 and 2007, less than one third of people 15 years of age and older ate a sufficient amount of fruit and vegetables, and this was more so for women (34%) than men (25%), regardless of maternal language. Education, income, as well as a positive outlook about health were advantageous; the same results applied to couples, but only for women. Over this period, food consumption by women remained stable, although that of men improved slightly. 8
Consumption of Healthy Food
For People 15 Years of Age and Older, Island, 2002-2007
Source : Direction de santé publique 8
  • Between 2002 and 2007, among people 15 years of age and older on the island, a few bleak trends were observed: a marked decrease in the consumption of milk and cheese, and no significant improvement in the consumption of fruit and vegetables, whole grain bread and legumes. 8
  • In 2009, 16.6% of adults in Greater Montreal were obese. Toronto (13.9%) and Vancouver (11.5%) had better results, even though these figures were no less disturbing. 9
  • In 2009, 21.6% of the population in Greater Montreal smoked at least occasionally, while Toronto (15%) and Vancouver (13.1%) achieved better results. However, the island (19.2%) is not as bad as Montérégie (23.8%) and Laval (25.8%) in terms of this major health issue. 10
  • In 1971, the average age that children on the island started watching television was 4 years of age. Then it dropped to 5 months. Today, more than 90% start before 2 years of age. What’s more, it is estimated that preschool children spend an average of two hours per day in front of the television. 11
  • In 2009, close to half (49.9%) of the people 12 years of age and older in Greater Montreal participated in recreational activities, more than in Toronto (45.3%), but less than in Vancouver (58.6%). 12
  • One quarter of Montrealers 65 years of age and older (26%) spend time at inactive leisure activities. Up to 74 years of age, this is a greater trend among men (25% vs. 19%), then after 75, the trend reverses itself, and women are more sedentary (37% vs. 19%). 13
  • The first significant progress for survival after 65 years of age began to appear in 1941 for women and 1971 for men, and the latter group recorded very few advances after 85 years of age. However, during the last twenty years, progress in men’s health has improved. On the island, in 2003, life expectancy for men [at birth] was 76.5 years, and 82 years for women. If we only consider those individuals who have already reached 65 years of age, men can expect to live another 16.7 years (13 of which in good health) and women 20.5 years (15.4 of which in good health). 14
  • Between 2005-2007, in Greater Montreal, life expectancy at birth reached 78.7 years of age for men and 83.2 years of age for women. 15
  • Between 2001 and 2007, 1,389 people took their own life on the island, approximately 230 per year. From 2004-2007, the rate remained stable at 12.2 suicides per 100,000 residents. Men committed three-quarters (74%) of all suicides, which were more prevalent among 24 to 44 year olds, whereas women committed suicide more frequently between the ages of 45-64. 16
  • According to the OECD’s (Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development) suicide statistics for 2005, Quebec ranked between Belgium (4th place) and Finland (5th place), and Montreal was classed between the Czech Republic (10th) and New Zealand (11th), while Canada experienced a more enviable position: 19th out of 29 countries in the study. 16
Camp des P’tits Cuistots
© Maison d’entraide Saint-Paul / Émard
dotCamp des P’tits Cuistots - a Maison d’Entraide Saint-Paul / Émard project

This program teaches young people from 6 to 12 years of age about the fundamentals of healthy eating, and encourages them to apply their knowledge and to share it with their families. Daily educational activities include : a morning cooking activity with the chef, taste-testing prepared dishes at noon, and afternoon themed activities about diet and a healthy lifestyle.

http://maison-entraide.org
Sources:

1 Violence et fréquentations amoureuses au secondaire : coup d’œil à Montréal. Enquête sur le bien-être des jeunes Montréalais, Rapport thématique nº 3, par Hélène Riberdy et Marc Tourigny, Direction de santé publique, Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 2009, 26 p.
http://www.santepub-mtl.qc.ca/Publication/pdfjeunesse/violence_frequentations.pdf

2 « Le VPH affecte 56 % des jeunes adultes dans une nouvelle relation », Journal Forum, 14 janvier 2010
http://www.nouvelles.umontreal.ca/recherche/sciences-de-la-sante/le-vph-affecte-56-des-jeunes-adultes-dans-une-nouvelle-relation.html

3 Naissances selon le groupe d'âge de la mère par région métropolitaine de recensement, Québec (6 avril 2010), Banque de données des statistiques officielles sur le Québec
http://www.bdso.gouv.qc.ca/pls/ken/iwae.proc_acce?p_temp_bran=ISQ

4 Problèmes de santé – Grossesse et accouchement et Donner naissance au Canada, Institut canadien d’information sur la santé
http://vitalsignscanada.ca/rpt2010/III-1.pdf

5 Riches de tous nos enfants. La pauvreté et ses répercussions sur la santé des jeunes de moins de 18 ans, troisième rapport national sur l’état de santé de la population du Québec, ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec, 2007, 162 p.
http://publications.msss.gouv.qc.ca/acrobat/f/documentation/2007/07-228-05.pdf

6 En santé pour l’avenir ? Un portrait des jeunes Montréalais d’âge scolaire – 2e édition, Direction de santé publique, Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 2010, 46 p.
http://www.santepub-mtl.qc.ca/Publication/pdfsurveillance/portraitjeunes_v2.pdf

7 Rapports sur les indicateurs de santé, Institut canadien d’information sur la santé
http://vitalsignscanada.ca/rpt2010/III-2.pdf

  Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes, Tableaux Cansim 105-0502, Statistiques Canada
http://vitalsignscanada.ca/rpt2010/III-10.pdf

8 La santé est-elle au menu des Montréalais? Portrait de la consommation alimentaire des Montréalais pour la période 2002-2007, par Nathalie Pouliot et Lise Bertrand, Direction de santé publique, Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 2009, 23 p.
http://www.santepub-mtl.qc.ca/Publication/pdfnutrition/santeaumenu.pdf

9 Canadian community health study, Cansim Table (105-0501), Statistics Canada
http://vitalsignscanada.ca/rpt2010/III-3.pdf

10 Canadian community health study, Cansim Table (105-0501), Statistics Canada
http://vitalsignscanada.ca/rpt2010/III-5.pdf

11 Pour revaloriser le droit au jeu, par Marie Jacques, Direction de santé publique, Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 2009
http://www.santepub-mtl.qc.ca/droitsenfant/pdf/droitaujeu.pdf

12 Canadian community health study, Cansim Table (105-0501), Statistics Canada
http://vitalsignscanada.ca/rpt2010/III-6.pdf

13 Vieillir à Montréal. Un portrait des aînés, Direction de santé publique, Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 2008, 23 p.
http://www.santepub-mtl.qc.ca/Publication/pdfsurveillance/vieilliramontreal_v2.pdf

14 Vie des générations et personnes âgées : aujourd'hui et demain, Volume 1 (faits saillants), par Hervé Gauthier, Sylvie Jean, Georges Langis, Yves Nobert et Madeleine Rochon, Institut de la Statistique du Québec, 2004
http://www.stat.gouv.qc.ca/publications/conditions/vie_generation_an.htm
  Portrait de santé du Québec et de ses régions 2006 : les statistiques, deuxième rapport national sur l’état de santé de la population du Québec, Institut national de santé publique du Québec, 2006
http://www.inspq.qc.ca/pdf/publications/545-PortraitSante2006_Statistiques.pdf

15 Espérance de vie à la naissance selon le sexe, par région métropolitaine de recensement, Québec (2 mars 2010), Banque de données des statistiques officielles sur le Québec
http://www.bdso.gouv.qc.ca/pls/ken/iwae.proc_acce?p_temp_bran=ISQ

16 Santé mentale des Montréalais. Portrait des indicateurs du tableau de bord stratégique 2004-2005 à 2006-2007, par Michel Roberge, Marik Danvoye et al. Agence de la santé et des services sociaux de Montréal, 2010, 69 p.
http://www.cmis.mtl.rtss.qc.ca/pdf/publications/isbn978-2-89510-749-1.pdf