Montreal's Vital Signs 2010
Having proved its strong dynamism in terms of research and innovation, and endowed with the necessary assets to confirm its worth, Montreal is in a position to develop even further.
  • pictogramme économieThe best land in Quebec is in Greater Montreal, where 54% of the territory is agricultural. Even in Laval, where this activity is essentially located in the suburban area, and occupies approximately 28% of the land. Of course developers heavily covet these lands. 1
  • In 2005, more than two thirds of Quebec food-processing activities were carried out within Greater Montreal, where they alone accounted for 9% of employment, with close to one third of Quebec workers in the sector. 2
  • In 2004, vegetable production was the principal source of agricultural revenue (71%) in Greater Montreal, while animal production accounted for close to 30%. 2
  • Among the 30 most important economic regions in Canada, Montreal was ranked second for the size of its population in 2009, but 20th in terms of income per resident. 3
  • Between 2000 and 2008, the median family income in the region increased (+14.8%) more than the average income (+11.9%). In 2008, the median income (after tax) was $58,900, 7.8% less than the Canadian average and 5.4% more than the Quebec average. In addition, this average income (after tax) reached $68,700, or 7.9% below the Canadian average and 7.2% above the Quebec average. 4
  • In 2009, the real gross domestic product (GDP) of Greater Montreal increased to $73,071 per worker [in 2002 dollars], a level 5.6% greater than that in Quebec ($69,225) but 3.8% less than that of Canada ($75,937). 5
  • With 9.4% of its employees in the high tech sector in 2007, Greater Montreal was ranked 5th in North America. Toronto was ranked 8th (8.3%). 3
  • Between 2003 and 2007, Montreal went from 27th to 19th rank among the most dynamic technological centres in North America. During the same time period, Toronto’s rank climbed from 25th to 15th. 6
  • With 628 patents granted in the region, Montreal ranks second for innovation, behind Toronto (633). With regard to patented inventions, Montreal (13%) scores between Vancouver (9.8%) and Ottawa (15.2%), with Toronto winning the highest honour with double the score (26.9%). 7
  • pictogramme homme lisantA study revealed that 26.7% of Montreal adults were recently involved in an entrepreneurial project, a lower proportion than in Toronto (34.3%) and Vancouver (38.3%). 3
  • In 2009, among 215 large international cities, Montreal ranked 22nd for its quality of life and 15th for its infrastructure [electricity, water, transportation, communications]. If we only consider the Americas, quality of life puts Montreal in 4th place, behind three Canadian cities, while its infrastructure puts it in second place, tied with Atlanta, but behind Vancouver. 8
  • Among 41 urban centres with over 2 million inhabitants, Montreal sits comfortably in 4th place in terms of business operating costs, ahead of Toronto (5th), but behind Vancouver (1st), after placing 6th in 2008. In the research and development sector, Montreal is first among North American cities and ranked second in the world behind Melbourne, Australia. 9

1 "Dynamiques agricoles dans les territoires périurbains à Montréal : situation présente et future", par Claude Marois, Colloque La dynamique des territoires en milieu périurbain et le patrimoine naturel et culturel, Université de Montréal, 2006, 13 p.

2 Recueil statistique sur les activités agricoles, Service de l’aménagement et du transport métropolitain de la Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal, 2008, 18 p.

3 Une métropole à la hauteur de nos aspirations, rapport réalisé par le Groupe de travail sur les enjeux de gouvernance et de fiscalité de Montréal, Chambre de commerce du Montréal métropolitain, 2010, 94 p.

4 Income trends in Canada, Cansim Tables 202-0603 and 202-0605, Statistics Canada

5 Cansim Tables 384-0002 and 282-0055, Statistics Canada

6 North America’s high-tech economy: The geography of knowledge-based industries, Milken Institute

7 Nombre de brevets d'invention de l'USPTO détenus selon le type de titulaire, par RMR canadienne (5 juillet 2010) et Nombre d'inventions brevetées à l'USPTO par RMR canadienne et part dans le total canadien (5 juillet 2010), Banque de données des statistiques officielles sur le Québec

8 Quality of living survey highlights, Mercer, 2009

9 Competitive alternatives, KPMG’s guide to international business location, Executive Highlights, 2010 edition, 8 p.