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Change in the Unemployment Rates,
Montreal and Toronto CMAs, 1987-2008

Change in the Unemployment Rates
Source: Statistics Canada
* Seasonally adjusted data for July 2008 (three-month moving averages).


Change in the Labour Force, Employment and Unemployment,
Montreal CMA, 1996-2008
Change in the Labour Force
Source : Statistics Canada
* Seasonally adjusted data for July 2008 (three-month moving averages).
  • In 2007, there were 1.9 million jobs in the Montreal region. In terms of annual employment growth rates, Montreal (at 2.5%) exceeded the national average (2.3%), for the first time in 20 years. It ranked first among the five largest metropolitan areas in Northeastern North America, ahead of Boston, Washington, Philadelphia and New York.1 2 3
  • Montreal has sustained this rapid employment growth for several years. Thanks to a job creation rate of 23.1% over 10 years (1997 to 2007), the region is fourth among the 20 largest metropolitan areas of North America.1 2
  • Real GDP per worker in Greater Montreal in 2007 was $69,427* higher than the level for all of Quebec ($68,571) but lower than Canada’s GDP ($77,688).4

    *In 2002 dollars
  • In 2007, 18.4% of the region’s workers had a part-time job. This proportion has remained stable for about a decade and is close to the provincial average. It is interesting to note that 6.4% of those who work on a part-time basis are not doing so by choice.5
  • In 2006, the unemployment rate of technical studies graduates (college level) was only 3.9%, well below the average rate for all Montrealers. Among vocational studies graduates (secondary school level), however, the unemployment rate was higher at 13.2%.6
Source :
1 Montréal International, “Job Growth: Top 20 metropolitan areas in North America, 2006-2007 and 1997-2007” (table). 2008.
2 Ville de Montréal, Montréal en action. Vol. 3, No. 2, March 2008.
3 Statistics Canada, Employment growth calculated by the Centre for the Study of Living Standards, Cansim Tables 2820053 and 2820055.
4 CMA and CA data estimated by the Centre for Spatial Economics. National and provincial data from Statistics Canada, CANSIM Table 384-0002.
5 Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey, program A050720.
6 Ministère de l'Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport (MELS), La relance au secondaire en formation professionnelle. Situation des personnes titulaires d'un diplôme d'études professionnelles (DEP) au 31 mars de l'année d'enquête, par sexe, région de Montréal (06) (6 septembre 2007

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