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VitalSigns of Greater Montreal 2008 Foundation of Greater Montreal's website
Comment Vital Signs
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  • In 2005, the median family income of immigrants living in Greater Montreal ($49,257) was significantly lower than that of non-immigrants ($68,430), and it had been declining since 2000 ($50,733*). A similar situation was found in other major Canadian cities. The smaller differential seen at the national level ($67,874 vs $62,842) suggests that the situation is quite different in smaller communities. 1

    * In 2005 dollars
  • In 2004-2005, new immigrants were more likely to start a new business than were Canadian-born residents, especially in Montreal (10.5% vs 7.9%). However, there were fewer immigrants than Canadian-born heading established businesses (in existence for 42 months or more). 2
  • Between 2001 and 2006, the percentage of allophones in Greater Montreal rose from 19% to 21.8%. The allophone linguistic groups most responsible for this growth were those who speak Arabic, Spanish and Chinese. 3
  • In 2006, 90.2% of Quebec’s visible minorities lived in Greater Montreal. They accounted for 16.5% of the region’s population, a proportion that has been rising in the past 10 years (from 12.2% in 1996 and 13.5% in 2001). In Canada overall, visible minorities represent 11.6% of the population. These proportions are greater in Toronto (42.9%) and Vancouver (17.3%). 4
  • In 2006, the majority of same-sex couples in Canada lived in the three largest urban regions: Toronto (21.2%), Montreal (18.4%) and Vancouver (10.3%). In Montreal, only 10.5% of same-sex couples were married, a proportion that was lower than the Canadian average (16.5%) and than the proportions in Toronto (24.8%) and Vancouver (18.9%). According to Statistics Canada, this situation is due to the greater propensity of all couples in Quebec to choose common-law unions over marriage. 5


Source :
1 Statistics Canada, Census 2006, Topic-Based Tabulations. Cat. No. 97-563-XWE2006021. 2008.
2 Nathaly Riverin, L’entrepreneuriat à Montréal. Cahier de recherche 2006-17, Chaire d’entrepreneuriat Rogers-J.-A.-Bombardier. Montreal: HEC Montréal, 2006.)
3 Statistics Canada, The Evolving Linguistic Portrait, 2006 Census. Cat. No. 97-555-XWE2006001. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2007.
4 Statistics Canada, Canada’s Ethnocultural Mosaic, 2006 Census. Cat. No. 97-562-X. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2008.
5 A. Milan, M. Vézina, and C. Wells, Family Portrait: Continuity and Change in Canadian Families and Households in 2006. 2006 Census. Cat. 97-553-XWE. Ottawa: Statistics Canada, 2007.